Ancient Roman Gambling / Gaming Dice
1st-3rd century AD

ancient bronze bone Roman legionary legionnaire dice for saleDice such as these were carried all across the Roman Empire by traveling, marching legionnaires during the 1st to 3rd centuries AD. After a long, hard day of toil and misery soldiers would congregate rowdily around fires, and in taverns, drinking and playing games of chance with their dice.

They are even referred to in the Bible:
John 19:24 Then the soldiers when they crucified Jesus took His outer garments and they made four parts, a part to every soldier. So they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be." This was to fulfill the Scripture: "They divided my outer garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots."
Luke 23:34 Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing." And they divided up his clothes by casting lots (throwing dice).

Each of these dice were hand carved from a single piece of animal bone, and made small enough to be carried in the mouth, if need be. Unless labeled otherwise, they were discovered at a Roman military encampment near the Danube River in Eastern Europe.


Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Nice PAIR of carved bone dice. Measure 8-9 mm, with nice patina, light earthen deposits. Both repaired. Found in the Holy Land! #AR2624: $275

Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Fantastic carved bone die (single). 12x10 mm, with light green patina, light earthen deposits. #AR2620: $225

Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Fantastic carved bone die (single). 10 mm, with light tan patina. Deep-cut detail, some age cracks. #AR2621: $225 SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Carved bone die (single).
Measures 8 mm, with dark gray patina, light earthen deposits. Found near the Danube River, Eastern Europe. #AR2721: $150

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Carved bone die (single).
Measures 8 mm, with dark gray patina, light earthen deposits. Found near the Danube River, Eastern Europe. #AR2722: $135
SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Carved bone die (single).
Measures 8 mm, with nice light patina, light earthen deposits. Found near the Danube River, Eastern Europe. #AR2723: $150

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Carved bone die (single).
Measures 8 mm, with light brown patina, light earthen deposits. Found near the Danube River, Eastern Europe. #AR2718: $150

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Nice Roman bone gaming die (single). Light pinkish-tan patina, some earthen deposits in the details. Measures 8-9 mm. ex-Los Angeles, CA collection. #AR2373: $150

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Measure 8-9 mm each. Nice white tone, light earthen deposits. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2594: $299

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Measure 8-9 mm each. Nice off-white tone, light earthen deposits. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2596: $299 SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of large Roman bone gaming dice. Measure 9-10 mm each. Nice white to silvery-black tone, light earthen deposits. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2604: $299

Roman Britain, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Great large bone die (single). Big 14 mm diameter. Nice burnished reddish patina, light earthen deposits. ex-British collection. #AR2302: $275

Roman Britain, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Great large bone die (single). Big 14 mm diameter. Nice burnished light tan patina, light earthen deposits. Deep-cut details. ex-British collection. #AR2737: $275 SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Carved bone die (single).
Measures 9 mm, with light brown patina, light earthen deposits. Found near the Danube River, Eastern Europe. #AR2719: $150

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Carved bone die (single).
Measures 8 mm, with off-white patina, light earthen deposits. Found near the Danube River, Eastern Europe. #AR2720: $150

Beautiful ancient GREEK lead knuckle-bone. 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from lead in the form of the knuckle-bone of an animal. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. Small hole on either side. Great grey patina. 29 mm (1 1/16") and heavy! ex-CNG. #AR2111: $175

Nice ancient GREEK lead knuckle-bone. 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from lead in the form of the knuckle-bone of an animal. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. Light grey patina. 26 mm (1 inch) and heavy! ex-CNG. #AR2112: $125


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Very large Roman bone gaming die (single), 1st-3rd century AD. Nice patina, with pleasant patina and nicely cut numbers. Huge 15 mm diameter! Found in Gaul. #LG1043: SOLD

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent set. Nice patina, some earthen deposits in the crevices. Each measures 8-9 mm. #85517: $299 SOLD

Ancient Roman Holy Land! c. 1st century AD. Nice single bone gaming die. Nice deep-cut detail with some earthen deposits in the crevices. Original Holy Land earth! Measures 9 mm. A very cool piece, rare from this area. Ex-Middle East collection, found in Israel/Palestine. #85435: $199 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Excellent single bone gaming die. Nice patina, some earthen deposits in the crevices. 10 mm (3/8") diameter. Excellent detail. #20256: $175 SOLD

Beautiful PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. A nice set with sharp detail overall. Each 9-10 mm (3/8") diameter. Very nice! #05478: $299 SOLD

Excellent PAIR of small Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Bright white patina, great detail. Each 7-8 mm. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). Very nice. #2646571: $299
SOLD - alternates may be available

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Fantastic and large single bone gaming die (huge for the type). Lovely patina, perfect detail. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). 11-12 mm. #2646572: $225 SOLD

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Bright white patina, great detail. Each 9-10 mm. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). #AR2045: $350 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Fantastic and large single bone gaming die (big for the type). Lovely earthen patina, great detail. 11 mm dia. #AR2108: $199 SOLD

Roman Britain, c. 1st-2nd century AD. Great large bone die (single). Big 14 mm diameter. Nice reddish patina. Surfaces still show the crude file marks left when the piece was hastily made in antiquity... perhaps as a replacement for a lost or damaged die. Anything to keep the game going! #AR2064: $275 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st-3rd century AD. Very large PAIR of Roman ceramic gaming dice. Each roughly 15mm x 15mm (1/2"). Rarely found in ceramic. Nice pinkish color with earthen deposits. Ex Arizona private collection. #AE2333: $350 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Very large single bone gaming die. Nice patina, good detail. Chipped in antiquity. 12 mm dia. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). #AR2110: $150
SOLD - ALTERNATES AVAILABLE!

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Nice patina, some earthen deposits in the crevices. Measure 8-9 mm. #85517: $299 SOLD - ALTERNATES AVAILABLE!

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Nice patina, some earthen deposits in the crevices. 8-9 mm.
ex-Austrian private collection. #AR2428: $299
SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent Roman bone gaming die (single). Great detail, with light white patina, some earthen deposits in the details. Measures 8-9 mm. ex-Los Angeles, CA collection. #AR2381: $150 SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices.
9 mm each. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2588: $299
SOLD

Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Fantastic carved bone die (single). 9 mm, with light brown patina, light earthen deposits. Ex-Jerusalem collection. #AR2435: $250 SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of large Roman bone gaming dice. Measure 10 mm each. Excellent patina, light earthen deposits. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2584: $299 SOLD

Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of carved bone dice. Measure 10 mm each, with nice patina, light earthen deposits. Found in the Holy Land! #AR2626: $425 SOLD

Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Fantastic carved bone die (single). 9 mm, with light green patina, light earthen deposits. #AR2619: $225 SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Fantastic and very large carved bone die (single). Measures 13 mm (1/2 inch), with great reddish-brown patina, light earthen deposits. #AR2755: $199 SOLD

Holy Land. Roman period, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of carved bone dice. Measure 10 mm each, with nice patina, light earthen deposits. Found in the Holy Land! #AR2622: $425 SOLD


Ancient Greece, 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from the knuckle-bone of an animal, and filled with lead for weighting. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. Etched lines on one side. 28 mm long and very thick. Extremely rare! #1483: $175 SOLD

Beautiful ancient GREEK lead knuckle-bone. 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from lead in the form of the knuckle-bone of an animal. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. A fascinating piece. 28 mm long and heavy! #lead3511: $125 SOLD

Ancient Greece, 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from the knuckle-bone of an animal, and filled with lead for weighting. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. 31x20x16 mm. #11173: $225 SOLD


Extremely rare pair of 14-sided Roman bone dice. 1st - 3rd century AD. Used for a very special and specific Roman game. The six sides of each have the regular numbers, and each corner is leveled off with a single "1" number cut into it. Each 9 mm (3/8") diameter. Very nice and extremely rare! #20273: $375 SOLD

Roman Britain, c. 1st-2nd century AD. Large elk-bone gaming die (single). Huge 15mm diameter, nice large concentric-circle drilled "numbers" with some ancient earthen deposits in the details. Nice patina, great piece! #85578: $299 SOLD

Beautiful PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. A nice set with great detail. Each 9 mm (3/8") diameter. #65540: $299 SOLD

Beautiful PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Bright white patina, great detail. Each 9-10 mm (3/8") diameter. #25207: $299 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Nice single bone gaming die. Well weathered and worn but with good detail and nice patina. Lots of character! 9 mm dia. #AR2107: $150 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Very nice single bone gaming die. Lovely patina, sharp detail.10x9 mm. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). #AR2106: $175 SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-2nd century AD. Fabulous large PAIR of lead gamimg dice. One die is a trick die, with no "3" but two "5's". Very interesting! Each about 15 mm, and together weigh a whopping 1.86 oz! ex-Daniel Frank Sedwick, FL. #AR2158: $399 SOLD

Ancient Greece, 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from the knuckle-bone of an animal, drilled and filled with lead for weighting. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. 29 mm (1 1/8") long. Found in former Thrace-Macedonia. ex-UK collection. #AR2080: $250 SOLD

Ancient Greece, 5th-3rd century BC. The earliest dice! Made from the knuckle-bone of an animal, drilled and filled with lead for weighting. These were thrown like modern dice, and each side bore a different significance. 30 mm (1 1/8") long. ex-British collection. #AR2115: $199 SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent Roman bone gaming die (single). Lovely gray patina, light earthen deposits overall. 9 mm. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2322: $150 SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Light white patina, some earthen deposits in the details. Measure 8-9 mm. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-old Erlenbach, Germany collection. #AR2378: $299 SOLD

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices. 8-9 mm.
ex-Los Angeles, CA collection. #AR2336: $299
SOLD

Nice and rare black Roman bone gaming die (single). 1st-3rd century AD. 8 mm. Black to deep reddish-brown color. Great surfaces, light earthen deposits in the crevices. Much nicer than this terrible, blurry photo. #AG2085: $175
SOLD - Ask about alternates!

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices. 9 mm. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2368: $299 SOLD - Ask about alternates!

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Small carved bone die (single). 8x6 mm, with light brown patina, light earthen deposits. ex-Los Angeles, CA collection. #AR2700: $99 SOLD

Roman Britain, c. 1st-3rd century AD. Great large bone die (single). Big 13 mm diameter. Nice burnished reddish patina, light earthen deposits. ex-Oxfordshire, UK collection. #AR2410: $250 SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of small Roman bone gaming dice. Measure 8 mm each. Nice off-white tone, light earthen deposits. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2590: $299 SOLD

Excellent PAIR of rare black Roman bone gaming dice. 1st--3rd century AD. Very nice specimens! Nice deep-cut detail and nice contrast. 9 mm dia each. #bl0893: $299 SOLD

Very rare "4-5-6" black Roman bone gaming die (single). 1st-3rd century AD. Special variation with two number "4s", two number "5s" and 2 number "6s"! Used for a particular dice game in ancient times. Or perhaps could be a "loaded" die for more mischevious purposes. Shows only 4-5-6! Large for the type at 12 mm diameter. #85377: $225 SOLD

Nice and rare black Roman bone gaming die (single). 1st-3rd century AD. 10-11 mm. A very fine piece with great surfaces and some earthen deposits in the crevices. Much nicer than photo shows. #85499: $175 SOLD

Very rare "4-5-6" Roman bone gaming die (single). 1st-3rd cent. AD. Special variation with two number "4s", two number "5s" and 2 number "6s"! Used for a particular dice game in ancient times. Or perhaps could be a "loaded" die for more mischevious purposes. Shows only 4-5-6! Silverish in appearance, may have once been black or perhaps burned at some point in antiquity. Very interesting! Measures 9 mm. #85508: $199 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Excellent and large single bone gaming die. Big 10 mm (big for the type). Beautiful detail. #29942: $199 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Nice single bone gaming die. 9x6 mm. Deep-cut detail! An interesting shape, with lots of character. #19583: $125 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Very nice single bone gaming die. 10x8 mm. Nice patina. #26488: $175 SOLD

Extremely rare 14-sided Roman die carved of black bone. 1st - 3rd century AD. Used for a very special and specific Roman game. The six sides of each have the regular numbers, and each corner is leveled off with a single "1" number cut into it. Each 9 mm (3/8") diameter. Nice and rare! 10 mm dia. #AR2109: $225 SOLD

Nice PAIR of small Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Light brown patina, good detail. Each 8-9 mm. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). #AR2047: $299 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Nice single bone gaming die (huge for the type). Bright white color. ex-Classical Numismatic Group (CNG). 10 mm. #2646573: $150 SOLD

Ancient Rome, c. 1st-2nd century AD. Nice lead gamimg die (single, various sides shown below). Very interesting! Measudes 10 mm (3/8-inch). Intact with nice grey patina, light earthen deposits. Ex-Los Angeles, CA private collection. #AR2307: $135 SOLD

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Both intact with very nice patina. Measure 8 mm each. Ex Anthony Kurland estate. #AR2359: $299 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Nice single bone gaming die. Great patina, light earthen deposits. 10 mm (3/8"), great detail! ex-Los Angeles, CA collection. #AR23201: $150 SOLD

Ancient Rome, 1st - 3rd century AD. Nice single bone gaming die. Great patina, light earthen deposits. 10 mm (3/8"), good detail. Much better than photo. ex-Los Angeles, CA collection. #AR23202: $150 SOLD - Ask about alternates!

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the details. Measure 9-10 mm. ex-Wien, Austria collection. #AR2324: $299 SOLD

Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice, 1st-3rd century AD. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices. 7-8 mm.
ex-Edgar Owen. #AR2334: $299
SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices.
8 mm each. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2586: $299
SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices.
10-11 mm. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. #AR2582: $299
SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of Roman bone gaming dice. Nice patina, light earthen deposits in the crevices.
Measure 8-9 mm each. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. Nice white tone, light earthen deposits. #AR2716: $299
SOLD

Roman Gaul, 1st-3rd century AD. Excellent PAIR of large Roman bone gaming dice. Measure 9-10 mm each. Found in the Rhine area, Germany. ex-Austrian collection. Nice off-white tone, light earthen deposits. #AR2606: $299 SOLD